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Learn the Basics of Plumbing the Easy Way

Linda Herington has always been fond of renovation and building. She loves to share her knowledge and expertise about everything from structural planning, general history, and design through her blog. In this article, she shares the basic things you must know about plumbing.


You do not need to know everything about plumbing. What you do need to know are the essential basics, especially when it comes to dealing with leaks. Knowing the parts of the system, how things work, and the materials to use will not only help when handling plumbing issues but will also make your future DIY plumbing projects run smoothly.

Although a plumbing system looks simple, it actually consists of lots of things. Here are some basics you need to know about plumbing.

The Three Major Divisions

The modern plumbing system has three major divisions. These are:

Water Service Pipe - The water service pipe is responsible for bringing water from the source into the house through the supply pipes.

Fixtures - The fixtures are the outlets or receptacles that allow the homeowners to use and dispose water. These are the showers, lavatories, bathtubs, kitchen sinks, and laundry tubs.

Drainage and Vent Pipes - The drainage and the vent pipes allow water and dirt to move freely from the fixtures to the disposal point. In instances when rain water connections are attached to any of these pipes, they are already considered part of the plumbing system.

The Plumbing Code


The plumbing code covers everything from the best and newest methods that are used in plumbing installations. When not done properly, these installations can greatly affect the community water and sewage disposal system. Therefore, it is important that installations must not be left in the hands of irresponsible individuals.

Basically, each city has a set of rules and regulations regarding the installation of drinking water, sewer or toilet facilities, in offices, schools, factories, hospitals, and homes. Whether or not it’s you who will be doing all the work, the plumbing and sanitation codes should always be followed. Failure to do so will only cause widespread disease, which can be deadly to the community.

Important points about plumbing


Water Source - All premises that will be used for human occupancy must have a clean and pure supply of water. In case a house is situated across a street, where a public sewer is present, it must have a separate connection with the sewer.

Sanitary Conditions - Sanitary conditions must be observed in plumbing systems at all times. It should begin with a design that aims to prevent fouling and clogging.

Components of Plumbing Fixtures - Plumbing fixtures must be made out of smooth and non-absorbent materials. This is really important so as to avoid any future inconveniences.

Sewer Location - In instances when no sewer is located nearby, there must be another way of disposing house sewage. Also, in case when backflow is possible, provision must be made to avoid overflow.

Plumbing Tools - To get any DIY plumbing job done, you’ll need to use the right tools. For example, if you are replacing a tap in the sink, you will have to use a basin wrench. This will let you reach into the wide space where the tap is attached. For other plumbing jobs, you might want to prepare a crescent or adjustable wrench.

Drainage System Designs - When designing a house drainage system, the circulation of air in all pipes must always be taken into account. This is to avoid forcing the trap seals to go beyond conditions of ordinary use.

Plumbing Tests - Every house’s plumbing system must be subject to both air and water pressure test. This way, any leak or imperfection will be detected and be taken care of as early as possible.

There might be several sorts of plumbing systems available for all household types. However, always remember that each selection may present issues or problems. So, before you make a decision, it is best to seek the approval of a professional plumbing inspector.

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Linda Herington is a building and structure enthusiast who’s completely passionate about design, structural planning, industrial revolution and general history. She shows her immense love in the home repair field by regularly contributing awesome ideas and content to Banjo Nominees. Follow her on Twitter @LindaHerington.

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